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EMTs and Paramedics

EMTs and Paramedics
Quick Facts : EMTs and Paramedics*
2010 Median Pay$30,360
Entry Level EducationPostsecondary non-degree award
Work Experience in Related OccupationNone
Number of Jobs, 2012226,500
Job Outlook33% (Much faster than average)
Employment Change75,400

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics respond to emergency calls and are the first to provide medical help while transporting patients to medical facilities. They must be able to react quickly and maintain clear thinking in high pressure settings where lives are often at stake.

What EMTs and Paramedics Do

  • Respond to 911 calls for emergency medical assistance, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or bandaging a wound
  • Assess a patient's condition and determine a course of treatment
  • Follow guidelines that they learned in training and that they receive from physicians who oversee their work
  • Use backboards and restraints to keep patients still and safe in an ambulance for transport
  • Help transfer patients to the emergency department of a healthcare facility and report their observations and treatment to the staff

Work Environment

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics work both indoors and outdoors, in all types of weather. Their work is physically strenuous and can be stressful, sometimes involving life-or-death situations and patients who are suffering.
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Job Outlook

Employment of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics is expected to grow by 33 percent from 2010 to 2020.
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In May 2010 the average salary of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics was $30,360.
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EMTs and Paramedics*
Average Annual Salary, May 2010

EMTs and Paramedics


Healthcare Occupations


All Jobs in the U.S.

EMTs and Paramedics*
Percent Change in Employment

EMTs and Paramedics


Healthcare Occupations


All Jobs in the U.S.


Becoming a EMTs and Paramedics

All emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics must complete a formal training program. All states require EMTs and paramedics to be licensed; requirements vary by state. Paramedics have the most advanced level of training. They must complete EMT-level and Advanced EMT training, as well as training in advanced medical skills.
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